EJONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON MATHEMATICS, ENGINEERING & NATURAL SCIENCES ISSN 2602 - 4136

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Abstract



Coccidiosis, caused by genera Eimeria of protozoa, is a serious poultry disease characterized with intestinal damage and absorption problems leading to major economic losses. Various anticoccidial drugs have been used to prevent coccidiosis. The residue levels of these drugs have utmost importance in terms of public health. Mostly used ionophore anticoccidial drugs can be listed as nicarbazin, halofuginone, robenidine, diclazuril, monensin, salinomycin, narasin, lasalocid and maduramicin. Different combination and dosing trials are still maintained for these drugs as they are toxicologically significant. Respective study for salinomycin has been carried out in three phases. In first phase, 150 poultry meat samples and 150 egg samples collected from different selling points in Istanbul have been analysed in terms of salinomycin residue levels. In second phase of the study, residual quantity in poultry meat and tissues has been investigated for the salinomycin added to the poultry feed in 50-70 mg/kg ratio. In third phase of the study, the residue containing tissues of Day 1 and Day 3 have been reanalysed pursuant to feeding trials against residue levels after thermal treatments of frying, boiling, storage at +4°C and freezing at -20°CConsequently, it is found out that salinomycin residue level rapidly decreases being affected from thermal treatments.



Keywords
Salinomycin, public health, residue level, thermal treatment



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