EJONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON MATHEMATICS, ENGINEERING & NATURAL SCIENCES ISSN 2602 - 4136

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Abstract



Intensive Care Units are the places in the hospitals in which the patients with severe physical condition are monitored and their life functions are supported. These are the places where special treatment methods are applied to the patients though the complex devices.Here, medical and surgial patients are provided with the most advanced technocogy, possible. Perhaps as a result, these units are considered where patients experience many stressors both physically and psychosocially. Being in an intensive care unit is a very stressful experience for both patients and their relatives. On the other hand, intensive care units are also a source of concern for patients and their relatives who undertake psychosocial burden in addition to physical illness.Anxiety is a vague sense of fear, worried, nervousness and restlessness that has no valid reason, is caused by a threat to the person's value system or security pattern. Many biological, psychological and environmental factors may be the cause of anxiety. In the treatment of intensive care patients, surgical interventions, invasive and noninvasive procedures for diagnosis and treatment, mechanical ventilation, endotracheal aspiration, deep breathing and coughing exercises, rehabilitation applications, daily dressings, positioning, monitoring of the patient are applied. These practices provide curing of patients but at the same time lead to anxiety in intensive care patients . Anxiety occurs in 70% to 80% of intensive care patients, especially patients with mechanical ventilation support. İntensive care unit patients experience anxiety, fear of death, disruption of body integrity, leaving their relatives and familiar environment, pain and anxiety caused by invasive procedures. Anxiety affects many systems that work in harmony with each other and the organism that is unable to perform the necessary procedures. In the management of anxiety, all factors affecting the patient's anxiety level should be considered, such as the risks of biochemical or genetic factors to the patient's anxiety, the effectiveness of the treatment applied in a crisis or emergency situation, and the risks that may affect the treatment and care secondary.



Keywords
Intensive Care Patient, Anxiety, Psychiatric Nursing



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